Tuesday, January 31, 2012

German Human Torpedo Neger Paper Model - by Renova Model - Mini-Submarino Torpedeiro


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The Real Thing
Neger was a German torpedo-carrying craft generally described as a human torpedo which could not submerge, but was difficult to see during night operations. The vessel was used by the Kriegsmarine between 1943 and 1945. The name was taken from the constructor of the manned torpedo, Richard Mohr (Mohr is German for Moor (= North African native), and Neger the German word for "negro"). Richard Mohr designed a craft based on the G7e torpedo. The Neger sported a spartan cockpit covered by a perspex dome where the warhead would have been. It had sufficient positive buoyancy to run awash while supporting a second G7e, with warhead, slung below. The vessel had a range of 48 nautical miles at 4 knots and displaced 2.7 tons. The pilot navigated via a wrist compass and air was provided through a Dräger self-contained breathing device. The pilot aimed his weapon by lining up an aiming spike on the nose with a graduated scale on the dome. Subsequently, a second aiming spike was added closer to the dome. It, however, made little difference as water washing over the dome made visibility extremely poor. A simple lever in the cockpit irreversibly started the torpedo and released it. Though not designed as a suicide weapon, the Neger would frequently become one when the torpedo started running but failed to release, and carried the craft and its pilot toward the target.
About 200 vessels of this type were manufactured in 1944. The first Neger vessels entered service in March 1944. However, the Neger turned out to be very hazardous for its crew, and up to 80% of the crews were killed. In return one cruiser, one destroyer, and three Catherine Class BAMS minesweepers were sunk in 1944 with the weapon. The first Negers entered service on March 1944 and the first mission took place on the night of April 20 and 21 1944. Thirty Negers were launched against Allied ships berthed in Anzio. Only 17 of them managed to deploy, with the other 13 capsizing upon reaching the water. Three failed to return and up until then, the Allies had no knowledge of this new unusual weapon. None had made any successful attacks. - Wikipedia


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A Really Bad Place To Be...
O Neger era um submarino torpedeiro alemão, com apenas um tripulante, geralmente descrito como um "torpedo-humano", que não submergia, mas era difícil de ser detectado em missões noturnas. Ele foi usado pela Marinha Alemã entre os anos de 1943 e 1945. O seu nome foi tirado do construtor do torpedo tripulado, Richard Mohr (Mohr é o alemão para Moor = Nativo Norte-Africano), e neger é a palavra alemã para Negro. Richard Mohr desenhou este submarino baseando-se no torpedo G7e, com uma ogiva, ou seja, o torpedo com carga explosiva, fixado abaixo do mini-submarino. Este mini tinha um alcance de 48 milhas náuticas à 4 nós e tinha um deslocamento de 2,7 toneladas. O piloto se guiava por uma bússola de pulso e o ar vinha de um "Drager", uma espécie de respirador autônomo rudimentar. A mira do piloto era feita através de marcas pré-definidas pintadas no domo. Isso pouco ajudava, pois a visibilidade era péssima, com a água turva batendo na cúpula por todos os lados, além disso, qualquer movimento brusco na pequena cabine, ativava o torpedo, não sendo possível abortar o lançamento. Apesar de não ter sido feito para ataques suicídas, muitas vezes o torpedo não se desconectava do submarino, levando ambos, mais o infeliz piloto, de encontro ao alvo. Cerca de 200 Negers foram construídos em 1944. Ele acabou tornando-se um dos mais mortais equipamentos de guerra, mas infelizmente, para a própria Marinha Alemã, já que mais de 80% de seus tripulantes morreram à bordo de um desses modelos. como prova de sua ineficácia, apenas um Cruzador, um Destróier e três navios caça-minas dos aliados foram afundados pelo Neger em todo o ano de 1944. O projeto acabou sendo abandonado.

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Link: German.Human.Torpedo.Neger.by.Renova.Model.Download.Page

Link: German.Human.Torpedo.Neger.by.Renova.Model.Gallery.Page


More WW2 Navy related posts:

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WW2 German Battleship Bismarck - by Zio Prudenzio

Japanese Vessel Congo DDG-173 - by Paper Model.Jp - Navio Torpedeiro

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